- The Most Common STD You’ve Never Heard Of
- What is trichomoniasis?
- How do you get trichomoniasis?
- What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
- How to Prevent Red Bumps on the Chest After Shaving
- Wax vs. Shave
- Laser Hair Removal
- Best Razors to Shave Your Chest
- How to Prevent Red Bumps
- 6 ways to treat razor bumps fast
- 1. Use salicylic acid
- 2. Try glycolic acid
- 3. Tweeze
- 4. Use scrubs with caution
- 5. Gently brush the skin
- 6. Use a warm washcloth
- Shave less often
- Use an electric razor
- Consider a retinoid product
- Prepare properly
- Try another hair removal technique
- How to Get Rid of Razor Bumps on Your Legs
- 1. Give it time
- 2. Moisturize the area
- 3. Apply a cool compress
- 4. Release ingrown hairs
- 5. Try a home remedy
- 6. Use a topical cream
The Most Common STD You’ve Never Heard Of
Even if you consider yourself pretty in the know about sexually transmitted infections (STIs), there’s a good chance you’re wondering, What is trichomoniasis? You wouldn’t be alone; a lot of people haven’t even heard of the infection, which is wild, considering that an estimated 3.7 million people in the U.S. have it. That makes it the most common curable STI, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). any STI, awareness is key, so we talked to some experts about everything you should know about trichomoniasis.
What is trichomoniasis?
Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis, a type of single-celled organism (or protozoon). “It’s alive, and when you look under the microscope you can see it swimming around,” Michael Cackovic, M.D., an ob-gyn at Ohio State Wexner Medical Center, tells SELF.
That said, there's a lot we don't know about trichomoniasis—and not a lot being done to stem its spread.
Even though trichomoniasis is extremely common, it's not a reportable disease, which means that local and state health departments and the CDC don't require new cases to be reported when they're diagnosed.
This also means that public health programs aren't putting as much effort into tracking or controlling its transmission as they might with other STIs. Because of this, “we don’t have a lot of data on it [and] we don’t know a lot about it,” Dr. Cackovic explains.
How do you get trichomoniasis?
During intercourse and genital contact, these parasites can easily travel from one person to another—from vagina to penis, penis to vagina, and vagina to vagina.
Though fluid doesn’t need to be involved in transmission, these parasites thrive in moist environments, particularly the urethra, vagina, and vulva.
(The fact that fluids don’t necessarily need to be exchanged also means physical barriers condoms don’t fully protect against trichomoniasis.)
Trichomoniasis is more common in people with a vagina than in people with a penis, the CDC says. Quite rudely, as with UTIs (and so many other health problems), female anatomy makes you more susceptible to trichomoniasis.
There’s not a ton of research about exactly why people with a vagina are more susceptible.
That said, trichomoniasis parasites need somewhere to colonize, and the female anatomy has the whole lower genital tract to offer (meaning, the vulva, vagina, cervix, and urethra), un the male anatomy (people with a penis usually get this infection just in the urethra, the CDC notes).
Oftentimes, trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis occur together, according to Dr. Cackovic. You might even be more ly to get trichomoniasis if you’re already dealing with B.V.
One explanation is that the changes in the vagina from one infection increase the risk for developing the other, Dr. Cackovic explains, but more research is necessary to know for sure.
Either way, the pretty annoying fact of the matter is that it’s not uncommon to wind up with both of these infections at the same time.
What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
Despite how common trichomoniasis is, only about 30% of people with it develop symptoms. People with a penis are more ly to be asymptomatic than those with a vagina, the Mayo Clinic says.
Even if you do show symptoms, yet another trichomoniasis mystery remains: We don’t have a sure answer on the incubation period (i.e., how long after exposure symptoms begin to show).
According to the CDC, it's estimated to be anywhere from 5 to 28 days, though some people don’t develop symptoms until much later.
How to Prevent Red Bumps on the Chest After Shaving
Removing the hair on your chest can often cause annoying rashes and bumps, particularly when shaving is involved. Whether your skin is usually sensitive or not, good-intentioned grooming always has the potential to lead to negative results.
When that happens, all the work you’ve done to reveal a smooth and sexy torso may just go to waste with redness, spots, and itching becoming a regular occurrence and causing an unappealing appearance. So, if you’ve become a regular victim of irritated or angry skin on your chest, it’s time to do something about it.
From the different methods of hair removal available to the top tips and best tools for the job, we can help you achieve your perfect, fuzz-free chest without any nasty reactions.
RELATED: How to Shave Your Chest the Right Way
Wax vs. Shave
Although shaving is often the preferred method of hair removal for men, waxing can make another excellent option. While shaving is quick, easy, painless, and inexpensive, waxing also has benefits.
In particular, waxing is longer-lasting than shaving, provides smoother results, and, most importantly, doesn’t cause the same itching and redness. So, if you continuously find that your chest becomes irritated after shaving, you should consider waxing as an appropriate alternative.
Although the method does involve a little pain at the time of treatment, it is bearable and doesn’t last long. But, waxing isn’t completely without its downsides.
After waxing, you may notice red bumps on your chest. They may be uncomfortable or itchy but are common and a natural occurrence due to the minor trauma your hair follicles have just received. As such, these bumps are short-term and should disappear within a day or two.
If you have spots that develop a week or more after waxing, the ly cause is ingrown hairs. Ingrown hairs occur when the removed hair regrows and curls back into the skin as it emerges at the surface. As such, they are common on the chest, where hair is coarse and curly.
To prevent and treat the issue, try using targeted products and regularly cleaning and exfoliating the area.
Laser Hair Removal
Shaving and waxing aren’t your only options for hair removal. Laser hair removal is also a popular choice with relatively permanent results. While it may sound intense, laser hair removal is a safe, fast, and gentle way to remove unwanted chest hair. The process works by using a particular wavelength of light to target hair melanin.
When the light hits the hair follicle, it inhibits the hair’s ability to grow without damaging the skin’s surface. As such, it can be a good option for anyone who experiences irritation from shaving and wants long-lasting results.
The main issues with laser hair removal are the cost, which can be quite expensive, and the fact that light hair colours, such as blonde, white, or grey are often untreatable due to their lack of pigment.
Electrolysis, which is similar to laser hair removal and a common alternative, can also be used to removed unwanted chest hair. Un laser, electrolysis does not target pigment, meaning that it can work on all hair and skin types.
So, if your chest hair is light and your skin is sensitive to shaving, electrolysis may be the right method for you. The treatment works by inserting a sterile probe into each hair follicle and using an electrical current to destroy its growth centre.
The hair then detaches from the follicle and slides out with the aid of tweezers. As such, this method is ideal for long-term hair removal.
Best Razors to Shave Your Chest
If you want to reduce and prevent rashes and bumps, using the right tools for the job is essential. In particular, using a great razor will make all the difference between revealing smooth, sexy skin and exposing an itchy, red mess.
So, investing in one that’s high-quality is a no-brainer for achieving a hairless and clear chest. For an entirely smooth torso, a safety razor or cartridge razor tends to be the best option.
But, be mindful not to buy a cheap disposable one as it may cause your skin to become irritated.
Selecting a quality razor that’s sharp will give you a close shave and minimise the amount of irritation that you experience afterwards.
One that has a pivoting head and a lubricating strip will also help you to glide over contours for a smoother finish. Be mindful of razors with multiple blades, though.
While these types typically boast a better shave, they can often damage the upper surface of the skin and irritate the chest, especially if your skin is sensitive.
How to Prevent Red Bumps
- Avoid unnecessary pain and irritation by trimming your chest hair before shaving.
- Take a quick, hot shower before shaving to open up your pores and soften your chest hair for a closer, less painful shave.
- Lather on a high-quality shaving gel or cream before shaving to help lubricate your skin and allow the razor to glide gently and smoothly over your chest.
- When shaving your chest, use a high-quality, fresh and sharp razor to get a closer shave and minimise any irritation afterwards.
- After shaving, rinse your chest using cold water to tighten the skin and close pores, preventing further irritation.
- After rinsing your freshly shaven chest, pat it dry with a clean towel as rubbing will increase irritation.
- Apply a quality aftershave product to soothe your skin and help prevent ingrown chest hairs.
- Exfoliate twice a week after shaving your chest to reduce the risk of ingrown hairs.
6 ways to treat razor bumps fast
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Razor bumps are ingrown hairs that develop after shaving or using other hair removal techniques, such as waxing or plucking. The medical term for razor bumps is pseudofolliculitis barbae.
Ingrown hairs develop when hair starts to grow back into the skin, rather than up and out. After removing hair by shaving, waxing, or plucking, the hair may curl and turn inward. As the new skin cells grow over the hair, it becomes trapped and causes a bump to form.
Razor bumps can develop on any area of the body where a person shaves or removes hair, including the face, head, legs, underarms, and pubic area.
In this article, learn about how to treat razor bumps quickly and how to prevent them from forming in the future.
Razor bumps can range in size from small to large, and they can be red or have a white, pus-filled bump.
Although nothing can make them go away instantly, there are several strategies that can help remove them faster and allow the skin to heal. We discuss these strategies in the sections below.
1. Use salicylic acid
Share on PinterestUsing products that contain salicylic acid can help heal the skin around razor bumps.
Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid that helps exfoliate, or peel, skin cells. It can penetrate oil glands in the skin to unclog pores as well as fight inflammation.
Salicylic acid works to alleviate razor bumps and slough off dead skin cells. This allows the ingrown hair to make its way the pore. It also reduces the appearance of the bump.
Salicylic acid can also help treat acne, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), so it may be a good option for people who experience both acne and razor bumps.
Various products contain salicylic acid, including cleansers, toners, and lotions. These products are available in drug stores and online.
2. Try glycolic acid
salicylic acid, glycolic acid helps the skin peel by removing old cells from the surface of the skin. Glycolic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid.
Razor bumps develop when excess skin cells clog the pores and trap the hair inside. Glycolic acid can help get those cells the way and allow the hair to come to the surface.
Because it speeds up the skin’s natural sloughing process, a glycolic acid product can help razor bumps clear up more quickly and give the skin a smoother appearance.
Products that contain glycolic acid are available to buy online.
If the ingrown hair is visible, it may be helpful to use sterile, pointed tweezers to pull it out.
Removing the trapped hair could get rid of the razor bump quickly. A person should sterilize the tweezers with alcohol and cleanse the skin and hands with soap and water before tweezing.
If the hair is not visible on the surface of the skin, using tweezers could make the problem worse. The tweezers could injure the skin, causing more irritation and infection.
A person should not attempt to pick or squeeze the bumps, as they could get worse or cause scarring.
4. Use scrubs with caution
Sometimes, a mechanical or physical scrub can remove dead skin cells that plug the pores and keep hairs trapped inside. These types of skin care scrub may contain sugar, salt, ground up fruit pits, or tiny beads.
Scrubs may remove debris and free ingrown hairs by physically sloughing off dead skin cells.
Some people may have a skin reaction to the rough texture of scrubs, especially those with sensitive or inflamed skin. If the skin is red, irritated, or sensitive, use scrubs with caution.
Skin scrubs are available in many drug stores and online.
5. Gently brush the skin
Another option for removing dead skin cells and debris clogging the pores is using a soft brush in the areas a person shaves. Some people use a skin care brush or a soft toothbrush.
A brush can help guide the hair the clogged pore so that it does not become trapped underneath.
Brushing the area each day may help remove current razor bumps and prevent new ones from forming.
People can buy special skin brushes in some drug stores and online.
6. Use a warm washcloth
Applying a warm, wet washcloth to the skin can help soften the skin and draw the ingrown hair out, especially when a person pairs this technique with one of the other treatments above.
Similarly, a person may wish to steam the area in a hot shower or sauna.
Razor bumps are not the same thing as razor burn.
Razor burn is a type of skin irritation that the friction of the razor causes. It tends to cause areas of redness and irritation immediately after shaving.
Razor burn can occur if a person does not properly lubricate their skin with shaving gel or cream before shaving. It may also occur if the person uses a dull razor or has skin that is sensitive to friction.
Razor bumps, on the other hand, can develop several days after hair removal, once the hair has had time to grow into the skin and create a blockage.
There are several things a person can do to help prevent razor bumps from forming.
If none of these measures help, however, a person may wish to see a doctor so they can evaluate the bumps.
Some prevention tips include:
Shave less often
If possible, a person should try to shave every other day, or even less frequently. This can minimize the risk of hairs being too short to grow the skin, thereby decreasing the risk of ingrown hairs.
Use an electric razor
Shaving close to the skin cuts the hair very short. This increases the chance that the hair will become ingrown as it starts to grow back.
A person can use an electric razor on a low setting to keep the hair slightly longer. This makes it less ly that it will turn back into the skin.
Consider a retinoid product
It takes several weeks for a retinoid product to reach its full results, so it is not a quick fix. However, it may help prevent razor bumps as well as acne.
Retinoids come in over-the-counter creams, serums, and cleansers. A person can also get stronger retinoids with a prescription. Prescription retinoids include tretinoin (Retin-A), adapalene (Differin), and tazarotene (Tazorac).
Before shaving or plucking, a person can lower their risk of razor bumps by getting the skin ready. The following steps may help:
- Cleanse the skin with a product that contains salicylic acid or glycolic acid to help clear pores and remove excess skin cells from the surface.
- Shave only when the skin is very wet, either during or immediately after a shower. Or, place a warm, wet towel on the area for 5 minutes before shaving.
- Use a shaving cream or gel appropriate for the person’s skin type. People who experience acne may wish to opt for a shaving gel that is safe for acne-prone skin. Those with dry skin should choose a product that contains moisturizer.
- Avoid skin care products that contain irritating ingredients, which could make inflammation worse.
- Use a fresh, sharp razor.
- Clean the razor with alcohol before and after each use to keep it free of bacteria.
Try another hair removal technique
Some people may wish to try hair removal creams, or depilatories, which dissolve the hair and reduce the risk of razor bumps.
However, hair removal creams contain chemicals that can irritate some people’s skin. A person should not use these products if their skin is already red, inflamed, or sensitive.
Another option is laser hair removal. Dermatologists and other healthcare providers can perform this technique. The AAD state that laser hair removal requires multiple treatments to produce results, but the hair tends to grow back finer and lighter than before.
Razor bumps generally do not cause serious health problems but their appearance can be bothersome and can affect a person’s confidence.
If home remedies do not work, consider seeing a doctor or dermatologist to discuss other options, such as a prescription skin cream or laser hair removal.
How to Get Rid of Razor Bumps on Your Legs
Sometimes after shaving, you may notice redness or bumps on your legs. This may be razor burn or razor bumps. Razor burn, or folliculitis, generally occurs immediately after shaving or when the hair is growing back. It can leave the skin on your legs red and inflamed, or with raised bumps.
Razor bumps are most ly caused by friction from the razor and ingrown hairs. Ingrown hairs are caused when hair grows into your skin instead of out. They can cause pimple- bumps on the skin.
Some people are more ly to experience razor bumps because they have curly hair or sensitive skin. Razor bumps will often go away without treatment, but there are ways to treat existing bumps and prevent more from developing.
1. Give it time
Razor burn and razor bumps on your legs should go away with time. Avoid shaving the affected areas while your legs are red or have bumps. Try to shave your legs less often to prevent bumps, such as every other day or just once or twice a week.
2. Moisturize the area
After shaving, pat your legs dry with a towel and apply a moisturizer. This will hydrate, soften, and protect your skin as well as ease any itching you may have due to razor burn or razor bumps. Find a moisturizer that is alcohol-free to avoid irritating your skin.
A moisturizer with aloe vera or shea butter can help smooth and hydrate the skin on your legs. In some cases, you may have an allergic reaction to a moisturizer or it could block your hair follicles, causing more ingrown hairs. Stop use of any product that causes these side effects.
Shop for moisturizers.
3. Apply a cool compress
After shaving, wet a washcloth with cool water and put it on your legs for a few minutes. This may reduce redness and pain from razor rash by soothing your skin.
4. Release ingrown hairs
Razor bumps can be caused by ingrown hairs. These are hairs that are growing out but curl back into the skin and penetrate it, causing inflammation, pimple- bumps, irritation, and itching. Exfoliating your skin before shaving can remove dead skin and help prevent ingrown hairs. Exfoliating can also help release ingrown hairs from being embedded.
Do not use needles or tweezers to dig out the ingrown hair. This can cause bacterial infections and scarring.
5. Try a home remedy
You may find that a home remedy soothes your razor burn or razor bumps. Try making an aspirin paste with two uncoated tablets of aspirin and a teaspoon of water. Dilute the aspirin and apply to the razor bumps for a quarter of an hour.
Other razor burn remedies you can find in your home include:
- coconut oil
- aloe vera
- witch hazel
- tea tree oil
Before using this to treat your razor burn, do a small patch test on your skin to make sure you won’t have an allergic reaction. Then spread a thin layer over the skin with razor burn. Let it sit for 15–20 minutes, and then rinse it with cool water.
6. Use a topical cream
Razor bumps that look inflamed or are taking extra time to heal may be aided with a topical steroid. These creams will reduce inflammation. You can find hydrocortisone creams at your local drugs stores. If you don’t notice any changes in your razor burn after two to three days, call your doctor. They can prescribe prescription strength steroids and antibiotics to treat infection.
Shop for hydrocortizone cream.
Watch your razor burn and razor bumps closely. If they do not get better within two to three days, you should see your doctor. Razor burn and razor bumps may cause an infection, which needs to be treated with topical or oral medications.
Severe razor bumps could also lead to scarring or darkening of your skin. Your doctor can help you treat the razor burn or razor bumps and also direct you to any special products you should use to avoid this condition.
If you experience razor burn or razor bumps in other areas of your body, you can use many of these treatment methods. In most cases, it’s best to let the razor burn or razor bumps heal on their own before shaving again.
Try to avoid razor burns and razor bumps altogether by practicing good shaving habits.
- too frequently
- on dry skin
- with an old razor
- with products that irritate your skin
- against the grain of your hair
- too close to the skin by pulling it when you shave
Never shave your legs if they’re dry, and try to shave at the end of your bath or shower. This will ensure you’ve exfoliated your skin, washing away dead skin cells, and that you’ve opened your pores up by prolonged exposure to warm water.
Avoid single-use razors and replace your razor after five to seven uses. Make sure to rinse the razor well after every use. Try a shaving lotion rather than soap, which may irritate or dry out your legs.
To find the grain of your hair, first look to determine which way your hair is growing. Take your hand and move it along your leg. If your hair is being pushed down, you are following the grain. If it’s being pushed up, you’re going against the grain.
Razor burn or razor bumps on your legs will clear up with time, as long as you treat your skin gently and avoid irritating your legs further.
You should avoid shaving the inflamed area until it clears up to avoid worsening the condition. Use the aforementioned tips to soothe your skin while it heals.
See your doctor if your razor burn or razor bumps have not healed on their own or if you suspect an infection or another condition.